Small-Scale Farmers in South Africa: Can Agricultural Cooperatives Facilitate Access to Input and Product Markets?

Συγγραφείς:
Ortmann, Gerald F.
King, Robert P.
Τύπος: Unpublished
Τίτλος Περιοδικού: Staff Paper P06-4
'Ετος δημοσίευσης: 2006
Πηγή: AgEcon
Συλλογή από: AGRIS
Θέμα:
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives
economics
agriculture
Περιγραφή:Small-scale (communal) farmers in South Africa have limited access to factors of production, credit and information, and markets are often constrained by inadequate property rights and high transaction costs. The objective of this research is to investigate whether agricultural cooperatives - considered by the South African (SA) government as organizations that could help promote community and economic development - can facilitate smallholder access to input and product markets that could enhance their development. This paper initially discusses the principles of cooperation, and briefly describes the history and development of agricultural cooperatives in developed and less-developed countries, with an emphasis on the United States and South Africa. A new Cooperatives Act, based on international principles of cooperation, was promulgated in South Africa in August 2005. The theory of cooperatives, and new institutional economics theory (NIE) (including transaction cost economics, agency theory, and property rights theory) and its applicability to the cooperative organizational form, are also presented, as are the inherent problems of traditional cooperatives, namely free-rider, horizon, portfolio, control, and influence cost problems caused by vaguely defined property rights. An analysis of the future of cooperatives in general, based on a NIE approach, suggests a life cycle for cooperatives (formation, growth, reorganization or exit) as they adapt to a changing economic environment characterized by technological change, industrialization of agriculture, and growing individualism.
 

Σχετικοί Πόροι

Support for Farmers' Cooperatives-Experiences of non-EU OECD Countries

Provider: 
Subject: 
policies
agricultural policies
socioeconomic development
economics
agricultural economics
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives
agriculture
agricultural practices
farming systems
cooperative farming

The Organizational, Financial and Ownership Characteristics of US Agricultural Cooperatives: Survey Results from a New Institutional Economics Perspective

Provider: 
Subject: 
economics
agricultural economics
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives

“Agric[Part I: New Development of Agricultural Cooperatives: Theory and Evidence]: Agricultural Cooperatives.

Provider: 
Subject: 
policies
agricultural policies
economics
agricultural economics
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives

Report of a preparatory mission to Nigeria on the establishment of n Agricultural Cooperatives Division in the Federal Department of Agriculture.

Provider: 
Subject: 
agribusiness and cooperatives
cooperatives
agriculture
Collected from: 

The Choice of Marketing Cooperative in a Transition Agriculture

Provider: 
Subject: 
cooperatives
economics
agriculture
Collected from: 

THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN THAI AGRICULTURE

Provider: 
Subject: 
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives
agriculture
policies
Collected from: 

AGRERI Library

Support for Farmers' Cooperatives-Experiences of non-EU OECD Countries

Provider: 
Subject: 
policies
agricultural policies
socioeconomic development
economics
agricultural economics
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives
agriculture
agricultural practices
farming systems
cooperative farming

“Agric[Part I: New Development of Agricultural Cooperatives: Theory and Evidence]: Agricultural Cooperatives.

Provider: 
Subject: 
policies
agricultural policies
economics
agricultural economics
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives

Member Heterogeneity in Agricultural Cooperatives: A Systems-Theoretic Perspective

Provider: 
Subject: 
agricultural products
agricultural economics
trade
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives
agroindustrial sector
agriculture
cooperative farming
agricultural trade
Collected from: 

External Library

Report of a preparatory mission to Nigeria on the establishment of n Agricultural Cooperatives Division in the Federal Department of Agriculture.

Provider: 
Subject: 
agribusiness and cooperatives
cooperatives
agriculture
Collected from: 

The Choice of Marketing Cooperative in a Transition Agriculture

Provider: 
Subject: 
cooperatives
economics
agriculture
Collected from: 

THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN THAI AGRICULTURE

Provider: 
Subject: 
cooperatives
agribusiness and cooperatives
agriculture
policies
Collected from: